May 23, 2003
DFO 2287 9/86
1. NOW LET'S GET BACK TO GENERATORS & ELECTRICITY. We were talking about how we're going to generate electricity in the Millennium. Instead of just turning millstones, the water wheel can just as easily generate electricity with different cogs, etc. They can even make the cogs different sizes so they speed up & the last cog goes real fast, by using a big cog & a little cog. The big cog goes around like this & that makes the little one go real fast, like the gears on a bicycle. On a bicycle you've got one big cog in front & the chain goes from that to a little one on the back‚ & the little cog goes around so fast that the big bike wheel goes around real fast! So you can make these generators go faster & faster!
2. THEY'VE GOT TO BE ABLE TO TURN THOSE GENERATORS REAL FAST, the part they call an armature, that's the moveable part inside the generator. You've studied motors, haven't you? You built a little motor, didn't you? (David: Yes!) The water wheel can turn the generator, & instead of it being a flour mill‚ it would be an electric mill run by water. They can make them on a small scale, so small you can just turn it by hand, or big enough to turn by animal power, or great big ones turned by water power or windmills.
3. WHAT OTHER KIND OF POWER DO THEY USE TO TURN GENERATORS besides man power, animal power or water power? What other kind of power is there going to be? (Techi: Muscle power!) Well, muscle power is hand power. (Maria: It's something they still use today.) What kind of power is there in the World that they're still using? (Techi: Windmills!) Right! Wind is strong enough to push great big sailboats that weigh thousands of tons clear across the ocean! Think of that! So they also use windmills for power.
4. DID YOU EVER SEE THOSE GREAT BIG HUGE WINDMILLS IN HOLLAND? They used to have them all over Europe. Why is it called a mill? (Techi: Because a flour mill ground flour by water, but this was by wind.) Yes, they called them windmills because they ran on wind! They have these gigantic windmill vanes they call sails, which are paddles like the water paddles of the water wheel, the windmill uses air paddles or wind vanes. (Techi: Remember in the movie about Don Quixote he tried to fight the windmill?) Yes, he was kind of crazy & he thought it was a giant.
5. THEY WERE GIANTS ALL RIGHT, THOSE WINDMILLS! They were gigantic because they had huge blades that looked like a fan‚ didn't they?—A fan blade which was sometimes maybe 30‚ 40, 50 feet long! Each arm, each vane, spelled v-a-n-e, was shaped just like your little electric fan.
6. IF YOU COULD TAKE YOUR ELECTRIC FAN OUT INTO THE WIND & the wind was blowing hard enough you wouldn't even have to plug it in, it would produce electricity instead of needing electricity. (David: But you'd have to have something to convert it, wouldn't you?) No, it's direct current which it produces when it does that. (David: But it doesn't have any place to go, it's just cogs turning, so you need to hook it up.) Yes, you have to have the machinery inside, different cog wheels to go to the generator so the generator will turn real fast & connect to the batteries.
7. THE GREAT BIG HUGE FANS OR SAILS ON THE WINDMILL TURN VERY SLOWLY‚ & inside there are all different kinds of cogs that speed up the turning. They have a big cogwheel here like this & then a little cogwheel down here. Which one runs the fastest? (Children: The little one.) Right! Then they have the little cogwheel attached to another big cogwheel. They have a shaft from the middle of the little one to the center of another big cogwheel, then that big wheel will run just as fast as the little one! Then they have another little cogwheel under that big wheel & they run so fast until finally it turns the motor of a generator inside the windmill so fast that it produces electricity!
8. WHEN I WAS A LITTLE BOY ON THE FARM they didn't need electricity in the day time because they didn't have so many uses for electricity in those days‚ they just used it for light at night. So the first electrified farms‚ they called them, had a big windmill that turned a generator. The generator usually wasn't any bigger than a car generator with a lot of cogs from the fan to speed it up. Sometimes they just stuck the fan on the end of the shaft that went into the motor‚ just like your fan. Then it produced enough trickle of direct electricity during the day when the wind was blowing.
9. AT THE BOTTOM OF THE WINDMILL HOUSE THEY HAD A BUNCH OF BIG STORAGE BATTERIES THAT STORED UP THE ELECTRICITY. They used these big batteries, like a bunch of big gigantic car batteries. All these batteries had been storing up electricity all day. At night they just flipped a switch & they had little lights around the house!
10. THEY WEREN'T VERY BRIGHT, BUT THEY WORKED! They were safer, easier & cleaner than kerosene lanterns & lamps, & they weren't so stinky & they didn't flicker. They used nice cute little bulbs like auto bulbs in car dome lights, with a filament that looked like a white-hot hairpin inside. They just had clear glass on them in those days & the little filament inside just looked like a little white-hot hairpin, & they were wired right to the batteries, & then with little switches you turned on the lights.
11. THE OLD FARM BATTERY LIGHTS just had one little string or two little wires wound around each other hanging down in the middle of the room from the ceiling‚ & there was this bulb right up here at the end of the two wires, & usually they had a little switch on the bulb socket that you could turn off & on. Then they got to where they put wall switches on the wall. You've probably seen them‚ it's a clear glass bulb with a filament inside the bulb that looks like a white-hot hairpin right in the middle. The electricity would make that so hot—white-hot bright so it would be a light.
12. DID YOU HEAR THE STORY ABOUT THE FARMER THE FIRST TIME HE WENT TO A TOWN WHERE THEY HAD ELECTRIC LIGHTS? Most farms only had kerosene lamps in those days, & he'd never seen an electric light. Well, he stayed in this cheap little hotel, but it must have been pretty good because it had electric lighting. You see, electric lights were a lot safer because they didn't burn down so many houses. Of course electricity can still short out & cause fires if they're not careful how they wire it so it won't get a short. If water gets into the wire it can short & that makes a fire, it makes the electricity go spurt—boom!—And it explodes! Electricity is still dangerous but it's safer than an open flame.
13. SOMETIMES THEY USED TO ACCIDENTALLY KNOCK OVER THE KEROSENE LAMP ON THE TABLE & the glass bowl full of kerosene would break & spill burning kerosene all over & start a big fire! You could see the kerosene inside the glass bowl, & it had a tall glass chimney on it like that, a glass tube to protect the flame from wind. It had a wick down inside the chimney on top of the bowl that you could turn up & up, further & further with a little knob, as the bottom of the wick hung down in the kerosene below. The wick was a little piece of cloth that hung down in the kerosene, & it soaked the kerosene up into the top of the wick that's sticking out of the hole at the top of the bowl. The glass bowl of the kerosene lamp held the kerosene, & you could see it so you could tell how low you were getting on kerosene & you could refill it.
14. THE WICK WAS STICKING UP LIKE THIS, the end of a piece of cloth like a wide flat rope or thick ribbon‚ & it would soak up the kerosene from the bowl. To light the wick, you'd take the glass chimney off‚ & you'd light a match & you lit just the tip of this little wick & it would flame up beautifully! Of course if you left it up too high it would smoke, but if you turned it down it would give a nice bright light with a nice pretty flame, & it would only stink if smoking.
15. SO THE FARMER WENT TO TOWN, & HE'D NEVER SEEN AN ELECTRIC LIGHT BEFORE, & he went to go to bed. He later was writing this letter home telling about it & he said, "I was ready to go to bed & I couldn't blow this light out!" (You always blew out kerosene lamps!) "There was this glass ball hanging on this string from the center of the ceiling & it had this hot hairpin inside, & I tried blowing it out. I tried everything to get it to go out, but it wouldn't go out!"
16. "SO FINALLY", HE SAID, "I TOOK MY SCISSORS & I JUST CUT THE STRING!" He said, "You never saw so much fuss & fire & tarnation coming out of a string in your whole life!" The string was two electric wires, & what happens when you cut across two electric wires?—If you have two electric wires & you put them together, what happens?—Well, don't do it! It creates a short & it sparks & sputters & you blow a fuse! He probably made all the lights in the hotel go off!
17. CAN YOU IMAGINE WHAT A SURPRISE THAT FARMER GOT? "I never saw so much fuss & fire & tarnation come out of a string!" "Tarnation" is sort of like fire out of Hell! A lot of these old words you don't understand because we don't use them anymore‚ like tarnation—it's like damnation.
18. SO WE'VE DISCOVERED ALL KINDS OF WAYS TO MAKE LIGHT. We found out you can generate light with water power & wind power as well as grind grain, & you can run machinery with it. All the early factories were all run like that with water or wind power that turned the machinery in side.—Even printing presses! Think of that! You could not only make electricity with water or wind power, but it actually turned the printing presses!
19. SO IN THE MILLENNIUM WE'RE GOING TO HAVE WATER POWER & WIND POWER, & BOTH OF THEM CAN GENERATE ELECTRIC POWER & electric power can run printing presses for printing our literature, & it can run tape recorders to play our music & do all kinds of things that we need electricity for even now. We can use vacuum cleaners—what other things do you use around the house that you need electricity for?—Lights, first of all.
20. WHAT'S THE NEXT MOST IMPORTANT THING YOU NEED IN A HOUSE THAT YOU NEED ELECTRICITY FOR? (TECHI: WATER?) WATER, THAT'S RIGHT! You've got to have pumps to pump water. The most important thing is water, that's for sure, even more important than lights! You need to be able to run little motors that will pump water. It doesn't take a very big motor to pump water, so we probably will have some small motors for pumping water. So water is essential & light is very necessary too. Of course, before electricity we pumped water with the old-fashioned hand pumps.
21. WHAT ELSE AROUND THE HOUSE DO YOU USE ELECTRICITY FOR THAT'S REALLY IMPORTANT?—Telephones, intercoms. My oh my, if we didn't have communication, what would we do? Of course in the Millennium we Angels & Spirits have got direct communication, mental telepathy. But the natural normal people‚ they're going to need normal‚ natural means, right? So they'll still be using electricity & all these things.
22. WHAT ELSE DO YOU HAVE AROUND THE HOUSE THAT YOU NEED ELECTRICITY FOR—besides pumping water & lighting? (David: Fans.) Yes, fans! In warm weather you sure need fans! What other things run on electricity? Here we have TVs & radios & videos & tape players‚ & what else uses electricity? (David: Refrigerators.) Yes, refrigerators! You couldn't have refrigeration without electricity. (David: The microwave oven.) Well, the microwave oven uses a lot of electricity, so you might not be able to use microwaves. (Techi: Stoves?) Stoves, yes, cook stoves‚ but that takes a lot of electricity too.
23. BUT WE MIGHT NOT BE ABLE TO USE ELECTRIC COOK STOVES. We'll probably go back to old wood stoves in the Millennium, because there'll be lots of wood that we can stick into them. But you see, those wind generators & water generators, they might not produce enough electricity for everybody to use electric stoves & microwave ovens, because they take a lot of juice! But the videos & the tape players & small electric fans, they don't take a lot of electricity, so we'll probably have enough for those.
24. BUT BESIDES USING ELECTRIC MOTORS FOR PUMPING WATER, WHAT WOULD YOU USE THEM FOR? They're pretty handy, they save a lot of hard work.—Power tools!—Drills & saws & things like that with small motors. There's also a motor that we use about once a week when we're cleaning this room. (David: A vacuum cleaner!) Right!—To suck dirt. What is a vacuum cleaner for, why do we call it a vacuum? (Techi: Because it sucks up.) It doesn't blow air, does it? What does it do? (Techi: It sucks it.) It sucks not only air, but the dirt & the dust out of the carpet.
25. ALL RIGHT, I THINK WE'D BETTER QUIT! But these are some more things that we're going to have to do in the Millennium & things we're going to go back to using—water power, air power & even muscle power, animal power, man power. All these machines & things will still be run by all these different kinds of power. All right, thank You Lord! We have to pray now!
26. THANK YOU, LORD‚ FOR OUR CHILDREN! Continue to bless them & make them a blessing. Lord, You said anticipation is 50% of enjoyment, so we can have half the enjoyment right now just anticipating the Future, thinking about it, hoping for it & enjoying it in advance! So make this a blessing & inspiring & an encouragement to all our precious Family, in Jesus' name, amen!
27. WE DIDN'T HAVE A BIBLE STUDY, BUT WE HAD A MILLENNIUM STUDY! So, Praise the Lord! In this hour-&–a-half class we got the rest of our Heaven's Children lessons for the next week! I just finished the last one on the Wraths, etc. You kids really keep me busy! I have to illustrate everything, & by the time I'm done‚ I'm out of breath! You're probably thinking, "What do you mean, Grandpa? You didn't run out of breath! You could probably go on for another hour!" (Techi: Well, you could!) I probably could! It's not too much for you, but it's probably too much for me & for the poor typist & artist! So Praise the Lord, let's shut the recorder off now & label the tapes‚ & be sure you break the tabs! God bless you! I love you!—Grandpa.